Vertical Heater Treater breaks emulsions in crude oil using heat and retention time. Vertical Heater Treater efficiently helps remove water and emulsion from crude oil well streams, so you can keep your production flowing. Once the oil emerges from the treatment process, it is ready for further processing or pipeline delivery. The well stream first enters the emulsion inlet near the top of the unit and is diverted against the treater shell. Gas separates from the liquids, ascends and exits the unit. Warm vapor from the lower section flows up to the gas separation section and mixes with the cool inlet stream. Heavier components in the gas condense and descend. The oil, water, and emulsion liquids that descend are collected beneath the firebox. Free water separates from the oil and discharges from the bottom section through the adjustable external siphon.
The spreader breaks up the remaining oil and emulsion and the remaining water is discharged with the free water. Treated oil flows through the heat-retaining baffle above the fire tube, exits through the oil outlet at the top of the settling section, and is conveyed to a storage tank.
The oil and emulsion rises over the heater fire-tubes to a coalescing section where sufficient retention time is provided to allow the small water particles in the oil continuous phase to coalesce and settle to the bottom. Treated oil flows out the oil outlet. Any gas, flashed from the oil due to heating, flows through the equalizing line to the gas space above. Oil level is maintained by pneumatic or lever operated dump valves. Oil water interface is controlled by an interface controller, or an adjustable external water leg. The detailed design of the vertical heater treater, including the design of internals (many features of which are patented) should be the responsibility of the equipment supplier.
A heater treater is simply a separator that is designed to separate primarily oil from water. Heating of the mixture normally speeds up and improves the separation process.
Vertical Heater Treater Key Benefits
Performance: Help boost production and reduce downtime with our proven pre engineered design Latest ASME design and construction standards help ensure high performance
Availability: Units are typically in stock and ready for delivery Prompt, professional service, support and spare parts from local technicians in or near every major oil & gas producing region in the U.S. and numerous areas around the world
Heater Treater Features
- Removable firetube and stack
- High-efficiency burner and pilot assembly
- Temperature controller
- Liquid gauge assemblies
- Pressure gauge with isolating valve
- Relief valve
- Gas back-pressure valve
- Equalizer tubing and fittings
- External adjustable water siphon with stainless steel weir pipe
- Oil and water dump valves
- Flame arrestor
- Fuel gas scrubber with high-level shutoff and drain
- Fuel gas regulator
- Heat retaining baffle
- 18 inch manway
Vertical Heater Treater Options
- High temperature thermostat shutdown
- Internal anti-corrosive coating
- Burner safety low (BSL)/igniter
- High level shutdown
- Stack arrestor
- External piping
- Caged ladder
- Sour gas service built to the NACE standard
Standard Heater Treater Options
Base units include standard trim kits, ladder, concrete base pads.
- Vertical 4’ x 20’ – Code & Non-Code – 75PSI, 125PSI
- Vertical 6’ x 20’ – Code & Non-Code – 75PSI, 125PSI
- Vertical 8’ x 20’ – Code & Non-Code – 75PSI, 125PSI