Line Pipe Load Chart (API 5L)

Oilfield Chart - Line Pipe Load Chart (API 5L)

Line pipe are used to transport liquid like gas, oil, and petroleum. Thus, these line pipe are manufactured to withstand great pressures, as their use in the production of resources requires them to handle different amounts of tension.

They are designed to have high strength and durability to carry a variety of loads. The sizes and diameters of these line pipe consequently vary, as the amount of gas or liquid intended for the pipes vary as well.

Line Pipe Load

Different loads on piping systems are identified so that line pipe will be able to withstand varying amounts of pressure. For example, the primary load on a line pipe system includes external pressure, internal fluid pressure, and gravity. Secondary loads include pressures that result from displacement due to thermal movements within the pipe.

Given these dynamics between pipe, pressures, and the resulting loads and sizes of pipe, the Line Pipe Load Chart serves as a guide to determine the number of pipes that will fit inside a truck in the arduous task of transporting them. (The truck type is specified in the chart below.)
 

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Line Pipe Load Chart - Pyramid Loaded Double Random Length

NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
wdt_ID NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
1 2" (2.375") 0.154 40 3.73 3.78 297 12,466 293 12,302
2 0.218 80 5.1 5.15 217 9,118 215 9,029
3 0.344 160 7.54 7.59 147 6,167 146 6,126
4 3" (3.5") 0.156 5.68 5.75 195 8,187 193 8,087
5 0.188 6.76 6.83 164 6,879 162 6,808
6 0.216 40 7.68 7.75 144 6,055 143 6,000
7 0.300 80 10.36 10.43 107 4,488 106 4,458
8 4" (4.5") 0.156 7.37 7.46 150 6,309 148 6,233
9 0.188 8.8 8.89 126 5,284 125 5,231
10 0.237 40 10.93 11.02 101 4,254 100 4,220
 

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Line Pipe Load Chart - Pyramid Loaded Triple Random Length

NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
wdt_ID NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
1 2" (2.375") 0.154 40 3.73 3.78 n/a n/a n/a n/a
2 0.218 80 5.1 5.15 n/a n/a n/a n/a
3 0.344 160 7.54 7.59 n/a n/a n/a n/a
4 3" (3.5") 0.156 5.68 5.75 n/a n/a n/a n/a
5 0.188 6.76 6.83 n/a n/a n/a n/a
6 0.216 40 7.68 7.75 n/a n/a n/a n/a
7 0.300 80 10.36 10.43 n/a n/a n/a n/a
8 4" (4.5") 0.156 7.37 7.46 n/a n/a n/a n/a
9 0.188 8.8 8.89 n/a n/a n/a n/a
10 0.237 40 10.93 11.02 n/a n/a n/a n/a
 

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Line Pipe Load Chart - Strip Loaded Double Random Length

NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
wdt_ID NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
1 2" (2.375") 0.154 40 3.73 3.78 297 12,466 293 12,302
2 0.218 80 5.1 5.15 217 9,118 215 9,029
3 0.344 160 7.54 7.59 147 6,167 146 6,126
4 3" (3.5") 0.156 5.68 5.75 195 8,187 193 8,087
5 0.188 6.76 6.83 164 6,879 162 6,808
6 0.216 40 7.68 7.75 144 6,055 143 6,000
7 0.300 80 10.36 10.43 107 4,488 106 4,458
8 4" (4.5") 0.156 7.37 7.46 150 6,309 148 6,233
9 0.188 8.8 8.89 126 5,284 125 5,231
10 0.237 40 10.93 11.02 101 4,254 100 4,220
 

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Line Pipe Load Chart - Strip Loaded Triple Random Length

NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
wdt_ID NPS (Actual) Wall Thkns SCH FB14 (lbs/ft) ARO (lbs/ft) FB14 (jts/trk) FB14 (ft/trk) ARO (jts/trk) ARO (ft/trk)
1 2" (2.375") 0.154 40 3.73 3.78 n/a n/a n/a n/a
2 0.218 80 5.1 5.15 n/a n/a n/a n/a
3 0.344 160 7.54 7.59 n/a n/a n/a n/a
4 3" (3.5") 0.156 5.68 5.75 n/a n/a n/a n/a
5 0.188 6.76 6.83 n/a n/a n/a n/a
6 0.216 40 7.68 7.75 n/a n/a n/a n/a
7 0.300 80 10.36 10.43 n/a n/a n/a n/a
8 4" (4.5") 0.156 7.37 7.46 n/a n/a n/a n/a
9 0.188 8.8 8.89 n/a n/a n/a n/a
10 0.237 40 10.93 11.02 n/a n/a n/a n/a

Line Pipe Load Chart Abbreviations

  • STD Wall – Standard Wall
  • XH Wall – Extra Heavy Wall
  • DRLs – Double Random Lengths
  • TRLs – Triple Random Lengths
  • FB 14 – Fusion Bonded 14
  • ARO – Abrasion-resistant overlay
  • SCH – Pipe Schedule
  • Lbs/ft – Pounds per feet
  • Jts/trk – Joints per truck
  • Ft/trk – Feet per truck

Line Pipe Load Chart Specifications

In the Line Pipe Load Chart, a number of key terms are featured: (1) STD wall, (2) XH wall, (3) pyramid loaded, (4) strip loaded, (5) double random lengths, (6) triple random lengths, (7) nominal pipe size, and (8) wall thickness.

The STD wall and XH wall are basically two of the most common abbreviations used in the line pipe industry. This is because they stand for sizing specifications  of such pipe. Simply, they mean “standard” and “extra heavy”, respectively.  

These specifications also determine the wall thickness of the pipe. Next, it is important to note the difference between pyramid loaded and strip loaded. Pyramid loaded refers to transportation from the warehouse to the jobsite. AS the pipe are positioned within the grooves of one another, pyramid loaded transport offers maneuverability and addresses the risk of the pipes rolling.

Strip loaded, on the other hand, refers to transportation from yard to yard, as the pipe can be loaded or unloaded in larger quantities using forklifts. The double and triple random lengths basically refer to the length of the pipe from one to another. Lastly, the nominal pipe size refers to the set of standard sizes used for pipe.

Go here if you are looking for the Line Pipe Size and Weight Chart.